Wood falls into two categories – soft woods and hard woods. Hardwoods come from broad leaved trees that flower and produce seeds such as fruits or nuts. These trees tend to lose their leaves each winter and grow slower than softwood. A much more expensive material than softwood, hardwood is a dense, strong material that is able to resist both fungal attack and insects
Timber is cut from the stem or trunk of the tree. The trunk conducts sap from the roots, stores food, and supports the crown. Hardwood is a beautifully attractive and versatile wood due to its grains and markings and is used in the construction of many fine solid structures. Examples are Oak, Beech, and Mahogany.